Term Definition
OS&Y Valve 1 like
A valve that has external exposed threads which are held up by a yoke and which indicate whether the valve is open or closed
OSB 0 likes
Oriented Strand Board
Oscillation 0 likes
Moving or swinging back and forth repeatedly, from one extreme to another
Oscillograph 1 like
An instrument which records oscillations
Oscilloscope1 like
A cathode ray tube that measures an electrical signal’s changing voltage
OSHA 0 likes
Occupational Safety & Health Administration
Osmosis 0 likes
The process of a solvent passing through a semi-porous layer from a dilute solution into a more concentrated solution
Ottawa Sand 0 likes
A sand which is employed as the standard to test hydraulic cements with mortar test samples; naturally round particles of almost pure quartz
Out of Phase 0 likes
When a structure moves at a different frequency from the ground motion
Out of Square 0 likes
The deviation from a genuine square
Outdoor Exposure 0 likes
Plastic pipe which is not shielded from the impact of weather such as the sun, wind, rain or snow
Outfall Sewer 0 likes
A large sewer which spans between the collection site and the disposal site
Outlet 0 likes
The point into which appliances are plugged in order to draw electricity
An exit or way out
A store that sells products at a discount
Outlet Box1 like
outlet box
The receptacle which accommodates an electrical outlet and its attachments
Outline Lighting 0 likes
Positioning incandescent lamps or gaseous tubes so that they outline or highlight particular features of a building, such as its shape or door decoration
Outline Specifications 1 like
A shortened version of the specifications; usually created in design development or schematic design
Outrigger 0 likes
A rafter extension from the wall line; normally a smaller beam attached to a bigger rafter to produce a cornice or roof overhang
Outrigger Scaffold 0 likes
Some scaffolding which is reinforced by outrigger beams which are cantilevered out from the structure
Outside Corner 0 likes
The place where two walls join and produce an external angle
Outside Four Inches 0 likes
The only level of stretcher courses on a wall face
Oven, Bake 0 likes
See Bake Oven
Oven, Convection1 like
Oven Convection
See Convection Oven
Oven, Wall Mounted1 like
oven, wall mounted
See Wall Mounted Oven
Ovendry Wood 0 likes
Wood which has been dried in a ventilated oven at 102 to 105° C; has a somewhat consistent weight
Overatomized 0 likes
Scattered too finely due to overly atomized air pressure
Overcertification 0 likes
When an architect or engineer certifies more than the correct amount a contractor ought to be paid
Overcoat 0 likes
Second or final coat
Overcurrent 0 likes
An electrical current that exceeds the wiring and devices’ capability
Overcurrent Device 0 likes
An apparatus that restricts a current to a preset number of amperes
Overflow 0 likes
An opening which permits rainwater overflow once it reaches a preset height, for roof drains it is usually 2 inches
Overflow System 0 likes
The collection of water from the surface or a draw-off assembly
Overglaze Decoration 0 likes
Decoration made of ceramic or metal which is added and fired onto an already glazed surface of a ceramic
Overhand Work 0 likes
A wall that is constructed from a scaffold positioned on only one side of the wall; the bricklayer leans over the wall to lay the brickwork on the other side
Overhang 0 likes
The part of a roof that protrudes over an external wall; See also Cornice
Overhang Beam 0 likes
A beam with one or both ends extending beyond the support; sustained by two or more supports
Overhead 0 likes
Any indirect costs which are included in the total cost of sale; such costs are not directly connected to a unit of production
Overhead Concealed Closer 0 likes
A door closer that is hidden in the head frame; an arm connects to the door at the uppermost rail
Overhead Door 0 likes
A door that opens upward from the ground; frequently used in garages and warehouses
Overimprovement 0 likes
An improvement to a property that is extravagant in size or cost when compared to similar properties; commonly used term when the improvement does not serve the property in the best way
Overlap 0 likes
When something is positioned in such a way that the edge is on top of and jutting out past the edge of another
Overlay 1 like
A drawing created by placing a thin piece of paper over another drawing
A thin layer of material bonded to one or both sides of a wood panel in order to provide a base for painting, either protective or decorative
Overlay Cabinet Construction 0 likes
A way to construct cabinets so that the doors and drawer fronts are positioned in front of the face frame
Overload 0 likes
Load that is larger than the amount that a particular system or machine is designed to support
Overload Protector1 like
overload protector
Device that will prevent the operation of a unit when conditions become hazardous; operated by temperature, pressure or current; See Overcurrent Device
Oversized Brick 0 likes
A brick that has dimensions larger than 2-1/2 inches by 3-1/2 inches 7-1/2 inches
Overspray 0 likes
See Drift
Overvibration 0 likes
When freshly mixed concrete vibrates excessively when poured and causes separation
Ovolo 0 likes
A molding that is a quarter of a circle or ellipse
Owner 0 likes
A person or entity who signs the contract for a particular construction project
A person or entity with a title or interest in some portion of real property
Owner-Builder 0 likes
An owner who undertakes a project and takes on the role of a general contractor
Owner-Construction Agreement 0 likes
Contract for a construction project that an owner and a contractor sign
Owner-Construction Management Agreement 0 likes
Contract for professional services that is signed by a construction manager and a client
Owners Overall Budget 0 likes
A budget that the owner creates detailing all the expenses of the project, including the purchase of land, building, financing, professional fees, and all accompanying costs
Owners Right to Stop Work 0 likes
The owner can halt work on a construction project only if the contract allows for it and only for reasons agreed to in the contract
OX, OXO, OXXO 1 like
Specifications for how sliding and fixed panels will be arranged in sliding glass doors and windows; X denotes a sliding panel; O denotes a fixed panel; See also XOOX , XO, XOO
Oxalic Acid1 like
oxalic acid
An organic acid, toxic, typically white-colored and granular; used for breaking down iron rust stains on pool walls and floors, cleanse filter septa of iron rust, and as a bleach for wood
Oxidation 0 likes
An action wherein a material chemically combines with oxygen
Oxidize 0 likes
To mix oxygen with another substance; to rust
Oxidized Sewage 0 likes
Sewage that is combined with oxygen; the process causes organic materials to stabilize
Oxidizing Flame 0 likes
A gas flame which has an oxidizing effect because it contains extra oxygen
Oxy-Acetylene 0 likes
An oxygen and acetylene mix that is employed as fuel for welding or cutting metals
Oxygen 0 likes
A gaseous element that has no color, taste odor, present in air, water, and nearly all minerals and organic matter; critical to biological life
Oxygen Cutting (OC) 0 likes
Cutting processes in which metals react chemically with oxygen at elevated temperatures and are thereby severed or separated; employing a chemical flux or metal powder expedites the reaction
Oxygen-Acetylene Cutting 0 likes
A gas welding process in which a chemical reaction with oxygen and a base metal at elevated temperatures causes the metal to be cut; gas flames which result from acetylene burning with oxygen maintain the necessary temperature
Oxygen-Arc Cutting 2 likes
An oxygencutting process in which the metals react chemically with oxygen at elevated temperatures and are thereby cut; an arc positioned between an electrode and the base metal serves to maintain the required temperature
Ozone 0 likes
A type of unstable oxygen, a light blue gas that has a powerful odor and strong oxidizing characteristics; employed in deodorizing, disinfecting, bleaching, and oxidizing
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Three Top Characteristics of A Successful Architect

commercial architectureArchitecture is a lucrative, competitive industry. The successful architect must be creative, efficient, attentive to details, and able to operate under strict budgets and looming project deadlines. Commercial architects must be even more disciplined and organized than architects in the residential sector. We will discuss the top three characteristics of a successful architect to stand out and move ahead of the in the commercial architecture industry.

1. Creativity

Perhaps the most critical characteristic of a successful architect is creativity. As a successful architect, your creative ideas must also be practical and achievable within specific deadlines, defined budgets and meet your client’s expectations. You may have designed the best 17th century inspired office building complete with moat and drawbridge, but the reality is that it will most likely never see the light of day in the real world. You must combine creativity with conservative, practical, and modern design techniques that will not only meet the demand and the intended purpose of the building project, but also financial projections and client satisfaction. In essence, a quality you must possess to be a successful architect is what can only be defined as “controlled creativity”. As an architect, you are rarely going to be given a blank check and complete creative license over a project. The key is to walk the fine line between creative, practical, and budget considerations. Once you master this critical skill, you will be a much more professional,  productive architect.

2. Organization

A top-tier successful architect must understand and demonstrate organization. With all of the project details, client requests, budget constraints, building codes, project deadlines, and last minute updates and changes, organization is absolutely critical. Even with modern technologies such as tablets, smart phones, and modern software, a successful architect must be organized and detail oriented in all facets of the project from start to finish. This is especially true in commercial architecture. Businesses and corporations tend to be less flexible with time schedules and budgets than residential customers. The old adage “time is money” has never been more important when dealing with a commercial property client. Impeccable organization is a key to ensuring each project is completed on time, within the budget, and to the client’s satisfaction.

3. Communication

A successful architect must be well spoken and professional in presentations and interactions with potential and current clients. To be more specific, by communicating details assertively, ensuring mutual understanding, and reaching clear agreements, you will mitigate unnecessary conflict and promote healthy client relationships. Your clients will be more receptive to your ideas when your verbal and written communication skills are sharp and professional. Excellent communication skills will impact your ability to sell your services to prospective clients, and promote your clients’ faith in you as a professional in your field. Take advantage of the opportunity to employ your communication skills in writing.  Network with other architects via online forums and blogs dedicated to modern design to stay informed of the trends in architecture as a whole. Make sure you use these media to learn as much as you can each and every day about the architecture industry.  You will then stay on top of changing industry standards, changes in building materials, and modern design trends. We have discussed the most important qualities of a successful architect in this article. Obviously these qualities are not the only deciding factors in a successful architecture career, whether residential or commercial, but they are the most important qualities to adopt, possess, and improve upon every day to insure a lasting career in architecture. If you combine the three top qualities of a successful architect that we have talked about in this article, you are on track to a meaningful, inspirational, and successful career.

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